We conduct research in the application of rigorous design methodologies to the design of artifacts and environments for people.


Two Lessons from a Short-Duration Design-Build-Test Activity

Boyd, D.K., & Parkinson, M.B., 2014. Proceedings of International Conference on Advanced Design Research and Education pp. 067-069. (BibTeX Citation)

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The Iron Lion Design Challenge is a design-build-test event held annually at the Penn State University Park campus. In addition to providing hands-on experiences for students, it is an opportunity for faculty to pilot new strategies for teaching design practice to students. Over the last six years two important lessons have emerged: 1) prototyping very early in the process improves subjective outcomes as does 2) evolving these prototypes through iteration. This was observed across skill-level, time available to participants, background, and the nature of the project.